ExpressionEngine Docs

Channel Category Archive Tag

Overview

This tag allows you to show your channel entry titles organized by category in a master archive that looks like this

<h3>Category One</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/1/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/2/">title two</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/3/">title three</a><br />

<h3>Category Two</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/4/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/5/">title two</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/6/">title three</a><br />

<h3>Category Three</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/7/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/8/">title two</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/9/">title three</a><br />

etc...

Here is an example, showing how the ExpressionEngine tags are used to generate this type of list:

{exp:channel:category_archive channel="default_site" style="linear"}
    {categories}
        <h3>{category_name}</h3>
        {if category_description}
            <p>{category_description}</p>
        {/if}
    {/categories}
    {entry_titles}
        <a href="{path='SITE_INDEX'}">{title}</a><br />
    {/entry_titles}
{/exp:channel:category_archive}

Note: Once you have hundreds of channel entries, it might become cumbersome to use this tag on your page.

Parameters

backspace=

backspace="7"

Backspacing removes characters (including spaces and line breaks) from the last iteration of the loop. For example, if you put a <br /> tag after each listed entry you’ll have something like this:

<h3>Category one</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/1/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/2/">title two</a><br />
<h3>Category two</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/6/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/7/">title two</a><br />

You might not want the <br /> tag after the final item. Simply count the number of characters (including spaces and line breaks) you want to remove and add the backspace parameter to the tag. The <br /> tag has 6 characters plus a new line character, so you would do this:

{exp:channel:category_archive channel="default_site" style="linear" backspace="7"}
    {categories}
        <h3>{category_name}</h3>
    {/categories}
    {entry_titles}
        <a href="{path='SITE_INDEX'}">{title}</a><br />
    {/entry_titles}
{/exp:channel:category_archive}

That will produce code like this:

<h3>Category one</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/1/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/2/">title two</a><br />
<h3>Category two</h3>
<a href="www.mysite.com/6/">title one</a><br />
<a href="www.mysite.com/7/">title two</a>

The “backspace” parameter is only allowed if you are using the “linear” style. It is not applicable if you use the “nested” style for the display of the list.

channel=

channel="channel"

This indicates the name of the channel that the categories are assigned to. The channel parameter is required unless you only have a single channel. Multiple channels may also be specified.

class=

class="my_custom_class"

When using the “nested” style of display (see the style= parameter), this lets you specify the value of the “class” attribute in the opening <ul> tag. The default value is “nav_cat_archive”.

disable=

disable="category_fields"

The disable= parameter allows you to turn off aspects of the tag that you might not be using in order to improve performance. Valid options are:

id=

id="my_custom_id"

When using the “nested” style of display (see the style= parameter), this lets you specify the value of the “id” attribute in the opening <ul> tag. The default value is “nav_cat_archive”.

For instance, if you set the parameter as id=”my_custom_id”, then the beginning of the nested category output would be:

<ul id="my_custom_id">

orderby=

orderby="date"

The “order” parameter sets the display order of the entries. Setting options for this parameter include:

If this parameter is not set, it will default to ordering by the title.

show=

show="4|7"

With this parameter, you can specify which categories will be included in the list. For instance, if you wanted to keep a particular category from being listed you could specify only those you wanted displayed to be included. Category IDs are separated by the pipe character to specify more than one category.

You may alternatively specify which categories to not show:

show="not 3|6|8"

show_empty=

show_empty="no"

This parameter determines whether or not categories that contain no entries are displayed. If you set the parameter to “no” then categories which do not contain any entries will not be included in the list.

By default, categories with no entries will be included.

show_future_entries=

show_future_entries="yes"

You can determine whether you wish for entries dated in the “future” to be included. This option is useful when doing things like creating a list of events, some of which have not occurred yet.

sort=

sort="asc"

sort="desc"

The sort order can be “asc” (ascending order or “oldest item first”) or “desc” (descending order or “newest item first”). If you do not use a sort order the default is desc.

Note: The order of the categories will always follow the Category Order specified in the control panel. The only things the sort parameter changes is the order of the entries within each category.

status=

status="open"

You may restrict to entries with a particular status. You can choose multiple statuses using a pipe:

status="draft|reviewed|published"

Or exclude statuses using “not”

status="not submitted|processing|closed"

style=

style="linear"

There are two list “styles” for your categories: “nested” and “linear”.

By default, the category list is displayed fully “nested” to show the parent/child hierarchy between the categories. It will display the categories as nested “unordered lists” and will automatically enclose the contents in <li> tags and nest them correctly to show the hierarchy.

When using the “nested” style of display, the opening <ul> tag of the list will have an id of “nav_cat_archive” applied to it. This can be used as a selector for javascript or CSS to create expanding lists or menus.

<ul id="nav_cat_archive">

The list can also be shown in a flat “linear” style.

For more information about how this option works see the parameter description on the Channel Categories page.

Categories Variables

There are several variables available for use inside the {categories}{/categories} variable pair.

{categories}

{/categories}

{active}

{categories}
    {if active} This category is active {/if}
{/categories}

You may use this conditional to test whether the category shown is the active category or not, based on the dynamic URI segment.

{category_description}

{categories}
    <p>{category_description}</p>
{/categories}

This displays the content of the “category description” field associated with the category. The variable may also be wrapped in a conditional statement so that it only displays if there is content in the field:

{categories}
    {if category_description}{category_description}{/if}
{/categories}

{category_id}

The category ID associated with the category.

{parent_id}

The category ID associated with the category’s parent (or 0 in the case of a top level category).

{category_image}

The image link (or other information) you can optionally store with each category within the Control Panel.

{category_name}

{categories}
    <h3>{category_name}</h3>
{/categories}

This displays the name of the category.

{category_url_title}

This variable displays the URL title of the category:

{path}

{categories}
    <a href="{path='site/categories'}">{category_name}</a>
{/categories}

The path (template_group/template) is used to create a URL to display a list of the entries belonging to this category.

<a href="{path='site/categories'}">{category_name}</a>

You can also use SITE_INDEX in your path to point to your main site index page. If you show your categories on your home page, using SITE_INDEX is preferable since it will make the URL cleaner.

<a href="{path='SITE_INDEX'}">{category_name}</a>

Custom Category Fields

All custom fields assigned to a category can be accessed using the “short name” of the field

{class} {extended_description} {category_name_fr} etc..

These are totally dynamic in that any field you create for your category will automatically be available by its “short name” as a variable.

Entry Titles Variables

There are several variables available for use inside the {entry_titles}{/entry_titles} variable pair.

{entry_titles}

{/entry_titles}

{entry_date}

{entry_date format="%Y %m %d"}

The date the entry was submitted.

{entry_id}

The ID number of the channel entry.

{entry_id_path}

{entry_titles}
    <a href="{entry_id_path='site/index'}">{title}</a>
{/entry_titles}

The path (template_group/template) is used to create a URL to display this entry. This variable uses the entry’s id number in the URL. This is typically used within a standard HTML link tag

<a href="{entry_id_path='site/index'}">{title}</a>

You can also use SITE_INDEX in your path to point to your main site index page. If you show your channel on your home page, using SITE_INDEX is preferable since it will make the URL cleaner.

<a href="{entry_id_path='SITE_INDEX'}">{title}</a>

{path}

{entry_titles} <a href="{path='site/index'}">{title}</a> {/entry_titles}

The path (template_group/template) is used to create a URL to display this entry. This variable uses the entry’s url_title in the URL. This is typically used within a standard HTML link tag.

<a href="{path='site/index'}">{title}</a>

You can also use SITE_INDEX in your path to point to your main site index page. If you show your channel on your home page, using SITE_INDEX is preferable since it will make the URL cleaner.

<a href="{path='SITE_INDEX'}">{title}</a>

{title}

{entry_titles} {title} {/entry_titles}

This variable is replaced by the title of the entry.

{url_title}

The human readable title used in the URL as a permalink.